Often known as open comedones, blackheads are formed from follicles with wider openings than normal. They are filled with sebum and dead skin cells. However, the difference between these stores of sebum and dead skin cells is that they have undergone melanin oxidation, resulting in a black color.
The good news is that blackheads are possible to treat and cure. A type of acne vulgaris, blackheads are best treated by removing the causes: getting rid of sebum and dead skin cells from the pores of your skin.
If you are going to try to get rid of your blackheads on your own, do not squeeze them. There are a lot of bacteria beneath your nails and on the fingers, and so you could actually do more damage than good by touching or squeezing blackheads.
To avoid permanent scarring, the best way is to find an effective blackhead remover that will remove and prevent future blackhead. The best way to get rid o blackhead is to get a good acne treatments and be consistent in using them.